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Wilfrid Laurier University Faculty of Arts
December 2, 2016
Canadian Excellence

Lecture 7

 Department of History

 HI 210: GERMAN HISTORY, 1648-1871

“In the Shadow of France”: The French Revolution and Napoleonic Germany, 1789-1815

1.   Germany and the French Revolution
      - “In the beginning was Napoleon” (Thomas Nipperdey)
      - The “Age of Revolution”: 1789-1848
      - Revolutionary France and the Holy Roman Empire; re: “export of revolution”

2.   Napoleonic Germany: Occupation and Submission
      - French military superiority and Napoleon’s military genius
      - Napoleon’s reorganization of Germany (re: mediatization, transfere of land)
      - Exploitation and modernization

3.  The Napoleonic Impetus: The Prussian Reforms
     - The reform movement (Baron von Hardenberg and von Stein)
     - Educational reforms (Wilhelm von Humbold)
     - Military reforms (Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Clausewitz
     - The “War of Liberation”and the awakening of German national consciousness, 1813-1815
- Dual Revolution: political and economic
- Karl Marx (Communist Manifesto, 1848)
- Adam Smith (Wealth of Nations)
- Wilhelm and Alexander von Humbold
- Baron von Stein 
- Carl von Clausewitz (On War)
- Ludwig van Beethoven (“Eroica” - 3rd Symphony)
- Johann Gottlieb Fichte
- Friedrich Schiller
- Johann Gottfried von Herder
- Johann Tulla
- Dual battle of Jena and Auerstedt, Oct. 1806
- Austerlitz, Dec. 1805
- Rheinbund (Confederation of the Rhine)
- Code Napoleon      
- Battle of Leipzig, October 1813   
- Lützow Free Corps ("black, red, gold")
- General York (Convention of Tauroggen, 1813)