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Wilfrid Laurier University Faculty of Arts
October 25, 2016
Canadian Excellence

Lecture 4

 Department of History

 HI 210: GERMAN HISTORY, 1648-1871

The Absolutist Territorial States and the Rise of Prussia

1.    Introduction: The place of Prussia in Modern German History

2.    The Holy Roman Empire after the Peace of Westphalia, 1648
       - The Absolutist Territorial States: small, middle, and large
       - The prince and his subjects in the Age of Reason
       - From patrimonial ruler to the "first servant of the state"

3.    The Rise of Prussia and the Frederican Absolutist Military State
       - The Hohenzollern and the Princedom of Brandenburg
       - From Princedom to Kingdom
       - The "Great Elector" (Frederick William, 1640-88)
       - Frederich III (I) - first king of Prussia, 1688-1713
       - Frederick William I (the"Soldier King", 1713-40)

- Frederick I (prince and elector of Brandenburg, 1411-40)
- Joachim II (adoption of the Lutheran faith, 1535-71)
- Male line of primogenitor

- Enlightened Absolutism
- Teachings of Natural law and the state:
     Hugo Grotius
     Samuel Pufendorf
     Christian Wolf
     Gottfried Leibniz
- Raison d'etat
- Eudaemonism (re: the well-ordered "police state")

- Rechtstaat (rule of law)
- Mercantilism/Cameralism
- Louis 14th (the "Sun King", re: Versailles)
- Huguenots (Edict of Nantes, 1685)