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Wilfrid Laurier University Faculty of Arts
October 27, 2016
Canadian Excellence

Lecture 3

 Department of History

 HI 210: GERMAN HISTORY, 1648-1871


The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, 13th -17th Century

1.    The Empire after the Hohenstaufens (1127-1254)
       - Princely Polycentrism and vs. Imperial Rule
       - "Into the East": colonization and Christianization of Eastern Europe (the Teutonic Order)
       - The Habsburg Dynasty: Emperor Maximilian I (1493-1519), Charles V (1519-1556)

2.    Reformation and the Thirty Years War: Protestant and Catholic Germany
       - Martin Luther and the Gutenberg Bible
       - The rise of Protestantism: subjects, princes and the "Catholic" emperors
       - The Thirty Years War, 1618-1648
       - The Peace of Westphalia and the patchwork quilt of states known as Empire


- the Kyffhäuser "myth of Barbarossa"
- the Golden Bull, 1356
- Teutonic Knights
- Hanseatic League
- Magdeburg Municipal Law
- Imperial Cities (Free cities, and city leagues)
- Religious Peace of Augsburg, 1555
- Wittenberg, 1517 (Luther's 95 theses vs the Roman Church)
- Catholics, Lutherans, Calvinists

Outstanding Generals in the Thirty Years War:
- Johann Tilly,(Bavarian Catholic General
- Albrecht von Wallenstein (condottieri), Imperial General
- Gustavus Adolphus, Swedish Protestant King

-Battle of the White Mountain, 1620 (Prague)
- Edict of Restitution, 1629