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Wilfrid Laurier University Leaf
September 25, 2017
Canadian Excellence

Dr. Carol Stalker

Professor Emeritus

Contact Information

Languages Spoken


Academic Background
PhD, Smith College School for Social Work, Northampton, Massachusetts, U.S.A., 1993

MSW, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario, 1974

BA, Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, 1969

Dr. Stalker retired from her faculty position in December 2014. However, as Professor Emeritus, she continues to advise a small number of doctoral students and collaborate with colleagues on research projects. Her research interests include learning more about the effectiveness of single-session therapy provided in walk-in counselling clinics, improving the effectiveness of mental health counselling and interprofessional practice in primary health care, promoting sensitive practice by health professionals when they work with survivors of child abuse and improving social work practice with refugees and immigrants. She was the Principal Investigator of a recent CIHR-funded study entitled, "Clinical Outcomes and Cost-Effectiveness of Walk-in Counselling Centres: A Controlled Study" (FRN 119528).

She produced a report of the findings from a pilot project that examined the experiences of patients and physicians in response to the Family Health Team model of primary health care, funded by the Manulife Centre for Healthy Living. She was a co-investigator in a study funded by SSHRC, entitled "Understanding Risk and Protective Factors in Families from Ethnically/Racially Diverse Backgrounds Receiving Child Protection Services".  As a member of a Community University Research Alliance (CURA) project, she was a co-investigator in a study exploring the experiences of employees in child welfare and children's mental health workplaces.  Dr. Stalker was the principle investigator of a SSHRC-funded study that followed the outcomes of adults abused as children who completed the Program for Traumatic Stress Recovery at the Homewood Health Centre in Guelph.  She is a co-author of the Handbook on Sensitive Practice for Health Care Professionals: Lessons from Adult Survivors of Childhood Sexual Abuse published by the Family Violence Prevention Unit, Public Health Agency of Canada and available on the internet  (

Dr. Stalker has extensive practice experience in the mental health field with expertise in working with adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse. In May 2007, Dr. Stalker received the WLUAA Faculty Mentoring Award in recognition of her dedication to supporting and assisting her students.

Selected Reports and Refereed Publications

Cait, C.A., Skop, M, Booton, J, Stalker, C.A., Horton, S. & Riemer, M. (2016). Practice based qualitative research: Participant experiences of walk-in counselling and traditional counselling. Qualitative Social Work. DOI: 10.1177/1473325016637910.

Stalker C.A.,  Riemer, M.,  Cait, C.A.,  Horton, S.,  Booton, J.,  Josling, L., Bedggood, J. &  Zaczek M. (2015). A comparison of walk-in counselling and the wait list model for delivering counselling services. Journal of Mental Health. Published on-line: 15 December 2015. DOI:10.3109/09638237.2015.1101417. This study was funded by Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) FRN 119528. 

Hovey, A., Stalker, C.A. & Rye, B.J., (2014). Asking women survivors of child sexual abuse about thoughts or actions involving sex with children: An issue requiring sensitivity. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse. 23,(4), 442-61  doi: 10.1080/10538712.2014.896844

Hovey, A., Rye, B.J., & Stalker, C.A. (2013). Do therapists' beliefs about sexual offending affect counselling practices with women? Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 22 (5), 572-592. doi:10.1080/10538712.2011.539963. 

Mandell, D., Stalker, C.A., Wright, M., Frensch, K. & Harvey, C. (2013). Sinking, swimming and sailing: Experiences of job satisfaction and emotional exhaustion. Child and Family Social Work, 18(4), 383-393. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2206.2012.00857.x

Stalker, C.A., Horton, S. & Cait, C.-A. (2012). Single-session therapy in a walk-in counselling clinic: A pilot study. Journal of Systemic Therapies, 31(1), 38-52.

Horton, S., Stalker, C.A., Cait, C.A. & Josling, L. (2012). Sustaining walk-in services: An economic assessment from a pilot study. Healthcare Quarterly, 15(3),44-49.

Hymmen, P., Stalker, C.A. & Cait, C.-A. (2013). The case for single-session therapy: Does the empirical evidence support the increased prevalence of this service delivery model? Journal of Mental Health, 22(1), 60-71.

Bhanot-Malhotra, S., Livingstone, S. & Stalker, C.A. (2010). An inventory of walk-in counselling clinics in Ontario. Unpublished.

Stalker, C.A. (2010). How have physicians and patients at New Vision Family Health Team experienced the shift to a family health team model? Final Report.

Hovey, A., Stalker, C.A., Schachter, C.L., Teram. E., Lasiuk, G. (2011).  Practical ways psychotherapy can support physical health care experiences for male survivors of childhood sexual abuse. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 20(1), 37-57. DOI 10.1080/10538712.2011.539963

Maiter, S. & Stalker, C.A. (2011) South Asian immigrants' experience of child protection services: Are we recognizing strengths and resilience? Child and Family Social Work, 16, 138-148. DOI/10.1111/j.1365-2206.2010.00721.x 

Maiter, S., Stalker, C.A. & Allagia, R. (2009). The experiences of minority immigrant families receiving child welfare services: Seeking to understand how to reduce risk and increase protective factors. Families in Society. 90 (1), 28-36.

Smith, C. & Stalker, C.A. (2008). The impact of training on educatorsí reporting of  child abuse and neglect. Canadian Social Work Journal. 10(1), 84-97.

Stalker, C.A., Mandell, D., Frensch, K., Harvey, C. & Wright, M. (2007). Child welfare workers who are exhausted yet satisfied with their jobs: How to do they do it? Child and Family Social Work, 12(2), 182-191.

Stalker, C.A. Harvey, C., Frensch, K. Mandell, D. & Adams, G. R. (2007). Confirmatory factor analysis of the Maslach Burnout Inventory: A replication with Canadian child welfare workers. Journal of Public Child Welfare, 1(3), 77-94.

Harvey, C. & Stalker, C.A. (2007). Understanding and preventing burnout and employee turnover. In Cameron, G., Coady, N. & Adams, G. (Eds.) Towards positive systems of child and family welfare: Current issues and future directions (pp. 273-320). Waterloo ON: Wilfrid Laurier University Press.

Harper, K., Stalker, C.A., & Templeton, G. (2006). The use and validity of the COPM in a posttraumatic     stress program. OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health 26, 45-55. 

Teram, E., Schachter, C.L., Stalker, C.A., Hovey, A., & Lasiuk, G. (2006). Towards malecentric communication: Sensitizing health professionals to the realities of male childhood sexual abuse survivors. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 27, 499-512.

Stalker, C.A., Palmer, S.E., Wright, D.C. & Gebotys, R. (2005). Specialized in-patient trauma treatment for adults abused as children: A follow-up study. American Journal of Psychiatry. 162, 552-559.

Stalker, C.A. Gebotys, R. & Harper, K. (2005). Insecure attachment as a predictor of outcome following inpatient trauma treatment for women survivors of childhood abuse. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 69, 137-156.

Stalker, C.A., Russell, B.D., Teram, E. & Schachter, C.L. (2005). The aftermath of childhood sexual abuse: How it can affect the experience of dental care. Journal of the American Dental Association, 136, 1277-1281.

Harper, K., Stalker, C.A., Palmer, S. & Gadbois, S. (2005). Informal social support and self-care practices related to trauma recovery: Experiences of adults abused as children after discharge from inpatient treatment. Families in Society, 86, 217-225.

Teram, E., Schachter, C.L., & Stalker, C.A. (2005). The case for integrating grounded theory and participatory action research: Empowering clients to inform professional practice. Qualitatative Health Research, 15, 1129-1140. 

Palmer, S., Stalker, C.A., Gadbois, S. & Harper, K. (2004). What works for survivors of childhood abuse: Learning from participants in an inpatient treatment program. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 74, 112-121.

Schachter, C.L., Radomsky, N., Stalker, C.A., & Teram, E. (2004). How women survivors of child sexual abuse describe sensitive practice from health professionals. Canadian Family Physician , 50, 405-412. .

Schachter, C.L., Teram, E. & Stalker, C.A. (2004). Integrating grounded theory and action research to develop guidelines for sensitive practice with survivors of childhood sexual abuse. In K. Whalley Hammell & C. Carpenter (Eds.) Qualitative research in evidence-based rehabilitation. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.

Stalker, C.A. & Fry, R. (1999). A study comparing short-term group and individual therapy with sexually abused women. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 44, 168-174.

Stalker, C.A., Schachter, C.L., & Teram, E. (1999). Facilitating effective relationships between survivors of childhood sexual abuse and health professionals. Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work, 14, 176-198.


Schachter, C.L., Stalker, C.A., Teram, E., Lasiuk, G. C., & Danilkewich, A. (2009). Handbook on sensitive practice for health care professionals: Lessons from adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse. Ottawa: Public Health Agency of Canada. Also available in French and on the internet.

Recent Research Funding

2012-2014. Canadian Institutes of Health Research Operating Grant (Health Services and Policy Research Institute). C.A. Stalker (P.I.), S. Horton, C.A. Cait & M. Riemer. Clinical Outcomes and Cost-Effectiveness of Walk-in Counselling Centres: A Controlled Study. $165,077.

2011-2012. CIHR. (Meetings, Planning & Dissemination: Planning Grant). Improving Health Care Delivery by Improving Health Providers' Knowledge of Interpersonal Trauma.   Catherine Classen (P.I.) with A. Fourt, R. Mason, C. Pain & C. Stalker  $24,940.

2008-2010. Manulife Centre for Healthy Living (Faculty of Social Work, WLU).  $4,480 (with D. McCready). How do patients and physicians experience the shift  to a Family Health Team model for delivery of primary health care?

2003-2006  Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. $52,000 over three years (with S. Maiter (P.I.) & R. Allagia). Understanding risk and protective factors for families of diverse ethnic backgrounds receiving child welfare services.

2002-2005  Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. Community-University Research Alliances program. $393,820 over three years (with G.J. Cameron (P.I.) & seven other co-investigators). Partnerships for children and families - an extension.

2006-2007 Cornwall Public Inquiry. Research contract. $37,219.60 plus travel expenses. Policies and practices of child welfare agencies in response to complaints of child sexual abuse: 1960-2006.