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Wilfrid Laurier University Leaf
December 9, 2016
Canadian Excellence

Randall Wigle


email: Randall Wigle
phone: 226-772-3164



Randall Wigle

International Process Standards and North-South Trade (ABSTRACT)

Wigle, R., & Perroni, C.

published: 1999 | Research publication | Refereed Journals - Economics

Wigle, R., & Perroni, C. (1999). "International Process Standards and North-South Trade". Review of Development Economics, 3 (1), 11-26.

ABSTRACT:  This paper examines the choice between alternative trade-based approaches to reducing global environmental damage, such as trade-related process standards and tariff-based approaches. Estimates of the effects of alternative policies are presented, using a calibrated global trade model with pollution externalities. It is found that both trade-related process standards and tariff-based policies are rather ineffective at reducing global emissions. The adoption of general process standards, however, might be exceedingly costly to developing countries.

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revised Jan 7/05

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